Quality of living city ranking

In light of the ongoing changes in living conditions happening worldwide due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and crisis in Ukraine, the releases of Mercer's Quality of Living city ranking have been suspended. Revised Quality of Living Reports and Location Evaluation Reports for mobility clients are being released on schedule. Learn more about our Quality of Living data solutions.

Globally, Vienna tops the ranking for the 10th year running, closely followed by Zurich, the runner-up. This year, Mercer provides a separate ranking on personal safety. Western Europe dominates the ranking, with Luxembourg named as the safest city in the world.

2019 city ranking

Rank City Country/region
1 Vienna Austria
2 Zürich Switzerland
3 Vancouver Canada
3 Munich Germany
3 Auckland New Zealand
6 Düsseldorf Germany
7 Frankfurt Germany
8 Copenhagen Denmark
9 Geneva Switzerland
10 Basel Switzerland
Rank City Country/Region
11 Sydney Australia
11 Amsterdam Netherlands
13 Berlin Germany
14 Bern Switzerland
15 Wellington New Zealand
16 Toronto Canada
17 Melbourne Australia
18 Luxembourg Luxembourg
19 Ottawa Canada
19 Hamburg Germany
21 Perth Australia
21 Montréal Canada
23 Nuremburg Germany
23 Stockholm Sweden
25 Oslo Norway
25 Singapore Singapore
27 Stuttgart Germany
28 Brussels Belgium
29 Adelaide Australia
30 Canberra Australia
31 Helsinki Finland
32 Calgary Canada
33 Dublin Ireland
34 San Francisco United States
35 Brisbane Australia
36 Boston United States
37 Lisbon Portugal
37 Honolulu United States
39 Paris France
40 Lyon France
41 Milan Italy
41 London United Kingdom
43 Barcelona Spain
44 New York United States
45 Edinburgh United Kingdom
46 Madrid Spain
46 Seattle United States
48 Glasgow United Kingdom
49 Kobe Japan
49 Tokyo Japan
49 Birmingham United Kingdom
49 Chicago United States
53 Washington United States
54 Philadelphia United States
55 Yokohama Japan
56 Rome Italy
57 Aberdeen United Kingdom
58 Osaka Japan
59 Pittsburgh United States
60 Leipzig Germany
61 Minneapolis United States
62 Nagoya Japan
63 Dallas United States
64 Belfast United Kingdom
64 Atlanta United States
66 Houston United States
66 Los Angeles United States
66 Miami United States
69 Prague Czech Republic
70 St. Louis United States
71 Hong Kong Hong Kong SAR
72 Pointe-à-Pitre Guadeloupe (France)
72 Detroit United States
74 Ljubljana Slovenia
74 Dubai United Arab Emirates
76 Budapest Hungary
77 Seoul South Korea
78 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates
78 Montevideo Uruguay
80 Bratislava Slovakia
81 Vilnius Lithuania
82 Warsaw Poland
83 Port Louis Mauritius
84 Taipei Taiwan
85 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
86 Limassol Cyprus
86 Tallinn Estonia
88 Durban South Africa
89 Athens Greece
90 Riga Latvia
91 Buenos Aires Argentina
92 San Juan Puerto Rico
93 Santiago Chile
94 Busan South Korea
95 Cape Town South Africa
96 Johannesburg South Africa
97 Panama City Panama
98 Zagreb Croatia
98 Victoria Seychelles
100 Wroclaw Poland
101 Johor Bahru Malaysia
101 Taichung Taiwan
103 Shanghai China
104 Tel Aviv Israel
105 Muscat Oman
106 Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei
107 Brasilia Brazil
108 San José Costa Rica
109 Bucharest Romania
110 Noumea New Caledonia
110 Doha Qata
112 Nassau Bahamas
113 Monterrey Mexico
114 Tunis Tunisia
115 Asunción Paraguay
116 Sofia Bulgaria
117 Rabat Morocco
118 Rio de Janeiro Brazil
119 São Paulo Brazil
120 Beijing China
120 Amman Jordan
122 Guangzhou China
122 Quito Ecuador
124 Casablanca Morocco
124 Lima Peru
126 Kuwait City Kuwait
127 Manaus Brazil
128 Bogotá Colombia
129 Mexico City Mexico
130 Istanbul Turkey
131 Windhoek Namibia
132 Shenzhen China
133 Bangkok Thailand
134 Chengdu China
135 Santo Domingo Dominican Republic
136 Manama Bahrain
137 Manila Philippines
138 Colombo Sri Lanka
139 Belgrade Serbia
140 Nanjing China
141 Gaborone Botswana
142 Jakarta Indonesia
143 Hyderabad India
143 Pune India
145 Xian China
146 Qingdao China
147 Port of Spain Trinidad & Tobago
148 Chongqing China
149 Bengaluru India
150 Lusaka Zambia
151 Chennai India
152 Kingston Jamaica
153 Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam
154 Mumbai India
155 Hanoi Vietnam
156 La Paz Bolivia
156 Sarajevo Bosnia-Herzegovina
158 Shenyang China
158 Guatemala City Guatemala
160 Kolkata India
161 Skopje Macedonia
162 New Delhi India
163 Dakar Senegal
164 Riyadh Saudi Arabia
165 Accra Ghana
166 Libreville Gabon
167 Moscow Russia
168 Jeddah Saudi Arabia
169 Jilin China
170 Yerevan Armenia
171 Vientiane People's Democratic Republic of Laos
172 Kampala Uganda
173 Kyiv Ukraine
174 St. Petersburg Russia
175 Tirana Albania
175 San Salvador El Salvador
177 Cairo Eqypt
177 Almaty Kazakhstan
179 Banjul Gambia
180 Managua Nicaragua
181 Blantyre Malawi
182 Cotonou Benin
183 Maputo Mozambique
184 Beirut Lebanon
185 Algiers Algeria
186 Nairobi Kenya
187 Tbilisi Georgia
188 Minsk Belarus
189 Djibouti Djibouti
189 Tegucigalpa Honduras
191 Kigali Rwanda
192 Havana Cuba
193 Yaounde Cameroon
194 Islamabad Pakistan
195 Baku Azerbaijan
196 Phnom Penh Cambodia
197 Douala Cameroon
198 Dar es Salaam Tanzania
199 Luanda Angola
199 Tehran Iran
201 Karachi Pakistan
202 Caracas Venezuela
203 Yangon Myanmar
203 Lome Togo
203 Tashkent Uzbekistan
206 Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
207 Lahore Pakistan
208 Abidjan Cote d'Ivoire
209 Addis Ababa Ethiopia
210 Harare Zimbabwe
211 Ashgabat Turkmenistan
212 Lagos Nigeria
213 Abuja Nigeria
214 Antananarivo Madagascar
215 Dushanbe Tajikistan
216 Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
217 Dhaka Bangladesh
218 Tripoli Libya
218 Niamey Niger
220 Bamako Mali
221 Nouakchott Mauritania
222 Conakry Guinea Republic
223 Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo
224 Brazzaville Congo
225 Damascus Syria
226 N'Djamena Chad
227 Khartoum Sudan
228 Port au Prince Haiti
229 Sana'a Yemen Arab Republic
230 Bangui Central African Republic
231 Baghdad Iraq

This ranking indicates differences in quality of living factors affecting expatriates in popular assignment destinations and should not be used as the basis for determining hardship premiums, as many complex and dynamic factors must be taken into account. Please contact us about developing your international assignment program.

Mercer and quality of living data

Mercer is the leading provider of data on quality of living for employees sent to work abroad. Ongoing research on the practicalities of daily life for these expatriate employees and their families forms the basis of our annual ranking of the quality of living in many prevalent assignment locations.

Quality of living data

Mercer offers objective recommendations for compensation premiums for employees assigned to work in locations where the quality of living or infrastructure differs from their home locations.

Learn more

Ranking press release

Learn more about the trends and highlights in this year's ranking, plus comments from Mercer's mobility experts.


Quality of living data Access reliable information to help you calculate fair, consistent compensation for international assignees in hardship locations.

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Mobility resources New to managing expats? Mercer's Beginner's Guide to Global Mobility is for you. Need help determining how best to pay your mobile workforce? See our guide to compensation approaches.

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City attractiveness Interested in making your city more attractive to international business investment? See how Mercer can help.

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